GEOPOLITICS



GEOPOLITICS
Europe at a time of great power competition

09:35 – 10:30 CEST – 6 May 2021

Moderator

Brigid Laffan, Director, Robert Schuman Centre and the Global Governance Programme, EUI

Speakers

Norbert Röttgen, Member of the Bundestag and Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee

Xinquan Tu, Dean and Professor, China Institute for WTO Studies, University of International Business and Economics

Leslie Vinjamuri, Director, US and the Americas Programme, Chatham House

The long cycles of history have been characterised by tension and competition between established and rising powers. The rise of China has been a structural feature of the global system for decades and there is considerable discussion concerning what kind of power China represents. Under President Trump, the US moved from President Obama’s soft containment policy to unilateral conflict and confrontation with China. The relationship between the US and China is now one of great power competition. While Europe was reluctant to follow the example of the Trump administration and engage in confrontation with China, under a Biden presidency this question will emerge in starker form and Europe may be torn between privileging the transatlantic partnership and maintaining a close relationship with China. In any case, Europe’s search for strategic autonomy may alter its approach to China.


GEOPOLITICS
Is the soft power of the EU in the neighboring regions still effective?

14:50 – 15:50 CEST – 6 May 2021

Introduction

Marco Del Panta, Secretary-General, EUI

Conversation between

Edi Rama, Prime Minister, Albania
Marta Dassù, Senior Director of European Affairs, The Aspen Institute

Moderator

Marta Dassù, Senior Director of European Affairs, The Aspen Institute

Speakers

David McAllister, MEP and Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee, European Parliament

Meltem Müftüler-Baç, Professor of International Relations, Sabancı University

Edi Rama, Prime Minister, Albania

Ivan Vejvoda, Permanent Fellow, Institute for Human Sciences

Over many years, the EU has used its enlargement process and its neighbourhood policy to promote democracy, respect for human rights and economic development at its borders. In recent years, however, the EU’s attraction capacity seems to have declined. Among accession countries, Turkey appears to be abandoning its objective of EU membership. In the “neighbourhood area”, the democratisation process seems to be struggling. The EFTA countries continue to be interested only in the Single Market, with disregard for full EU membership. What has happened to the EU’s capacity to attract neighbourhood interest and membership? How is the EU perceived in neighbouring countries? How can the effectiveness of its action in the neighbouring regions be improved?


GEOPOLITICS
Equal and effective partners? The future of EU-Africa and EU-Turkey cooperation on migration and refugee protection

16:00 – 16:50 CEST – 6 May 2021

Moderator

Martin Ruhs, Professor and Deputy Director of the Migration Policy Centre, EUI

Speakers

Francisco André, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Portugal

Abdelhak Bassou, Senior Fellow, Policy Center for the New South

Cathryn Costello, Professor of Fundamental Rights and Co-Director of the Centre for Fundamental Rights, Hertie School

Kemal Kirişci, Nonresident Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe’s Turkey Project, Brookings

Following the large and unexpected increase in the numbers of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe in 2015-16, the European Union struck a ‘migration deal’ with Turkey (2016). At the same time, the EU intensified its efforts to reach similar cooperation agreements with African states that are either source and/or transit countries for irregular migrants in the EU. The European Commission’s recently published ‘New Pact on Migration and Asylum’ (2020) proposes a range of measures aimed at expanding and increasing the effectiveness of cooperation with non-EU countries in the governance of migration and refugee protection. What has been the experience of past efforts of cooperation between the EU and countries in the EU neighbourhood? What concerns does such cooperation raise and how might they be addressed? What are the policy preferences and constraints in the EU, Turkey, and African countries of migrants’ origin and transit?

Related research on migration and refugee protection


GEOPOLITICS
How can democracies join forces to combat disinformation and other foreign interferences? 

14:05 – 14:55 CEST – 7 May 2021

Moderator

Pietro Ducci, Director-General, Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union, European Parliament

Speakers

Raphaël Glucksmann, MEP and Chair of the European Parliament Special Committee for Foreign Interference in all Democratic Processes in the EU, including disinformation

Kuniko Inoguchi, Member of the House of Councillors, Japan

Alina PolyakovaPresident and CEO, Center for European Policy Analysis

The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated existing trends of attacks against democratic systems both around the world and within the EU. Disinformation campaigns, interference into electoral processes and covert financing of political parties are just some of the hybrid methods used by authoritarian regimes to weaken democracies – which in turn have begun to develop innovative and comprehensive policy responses to tackle such threats. Speakers in this panel will assess the common challenges for democracies in the fight against disinformation and other forms of foreign interference, and will discuss the necessary steps to be taken to protect and reinforce democracy worldwide. In particular, what kind of cooperation and joint actions could be developed at global level to build stronger and more efficient responses?