Solidarity in Europe
The 2018 edition will have a special emphasis on Solidarity in Europe, an overarching theme relevant to European economic, monetary and fiscal policies, social investment, strategies of EU defence and security, migration, climate change and energy programmes. More information will be available soon.
Conference Day #1
Thursday 10 May 2018, 9:30 – 18:30
Conference Day #2
Friday 11 May 2018, 9:00 – 19:00
Saturday 12 May 2018, 10:00 – 17:00
Reassessing the Fiscal Monetary Framework of EMU in 2018
In 2012, in the middle of the euro crisis, the Four Presidents’ Report outlined a roadmap for the development of the EMU. Since then, Europe has changed. The leading role of the European Central Bank, the creation of the European Stability Mechanism, the development of the European Banking Union, and the 2015 Five Presidents’ Report, calling for a further development of the Financial Union and the Fiscal Union, can all be seen as signs of Europe’s capacity to follow its roadmap and grow out of its crises. Yet, the scars of the euro crisis in ‘peripheral countries’, the migration crisis and Brexit have questioned this roadmap, as the European Commission reflected in its 2017 White Paper on the future of Europe. In this session, members of the Steering and Advisory Committees of the three-year, eight-partner Horizon 2020 ADEMU Project will present their findings on the sustainability of the EMU, resilience to economic shocks and the interdependence of the euro area.
Chair: Claire Kilpatrick, Professor of International European and Social Law, EUI
Platforms and Communities: New Forms of Markets and Solidarity Emerging in the EU Energy World
A new wave of energy platforms and communities are challenging the ideals and practice of European solidarity. Solidarity is a by-product of functioning markets, which naturally make citizens mutually interdependent. It is also a by-product of social rules or norms, the preferences citizens make about how they live, which in turn shape how markets function. However, these processes could change with the emergence of new platforms and energy communities, having both new rules and addressing new people, in the European energy world. This panel will ask how the European energy world should respond and what the changes mean for what the current European “XX-large” legislative package proposes.
Chair: Jean-Michel Glachant, Director of the Florence School of Regulation, EUI
Social Investment in the Balance
A quiet social investment (r)evolution is underway. Over the past two decades, national and EU-policy makers have carved out a ‘social investment’ welfare policy paradigm for the 21st century. In 2013, the European Commission published the most assertive endorsement to date, namely the Social Investment Package for Growth and Social Cohesion, which urges Member States to help ‘prepare’ individuals, families and societies to respond to the changing nature of social risks in advanced economies, by investing in human capabilities from early childhood through old age, rather than pursuing policies that merely ‘repair’ social misfortune after moments of economic or personal crisis. A number of European countries, including Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Austria, Germany and the Netherlands, now feature close approximations of the new ‘goodness of fit’ between efficiency, employment and equity. In this panel we will take stock of the emergence, diffusion, merits, limits, pitfalls, and politics of social investment, including on-going relevance of social investment for 21st century EU cooperation.
Chair: Anton Hemerijck, Professor of Political Science and Sociology, EUI
Solidarity in Development? Historical Experiences and Present Concerns with Economic Stability and Political Security across Borders
Historically, various interventions to tackle poverty and ‘underdevelopment’ have been motivated as much by concern about the social and political effects of inequality as by the existence of inequality itself. Over the course of the twentieth century, development aid became the most popular instrument intended to prevent possible radical social and political responses to ‘underdevelopment’. Whether inspired by notions of transnational solidarity or by political, ideological, or strategic motivations, European and international development assistance has generally pursued two goals. First, increasing economic productivity. Second, establishing the administrative structures considered necessary for a stable social and political order along the norms embraced by the providers of technology, expertise, and financial resources. Today, the European Union’s development efforts abroad are increasingly tied to security concerns. This panel will consider the historical experiences of development cooperation within Europe and globally and will explore how various interests – from solidarity to humanitarianism to strategic concerns – affect the formulation, implementation, and the effects of development assistance programs.
Chair: Corinna Unger, Professor of Global and Colonial History, EUI
Climate Change Solidarity within the EU
In response to climate change, the European Union initiated two ambitious policies: an emission trading scheme, and an energy transition which combines a push for renewables and energy efficiency. The Lisbon Treaty explicitly calls for solidarity, and a number of ‘burden sharing’ agreements have indeed been made in the EU Emissions Trading System and, for renewables and energy efficiency goals, in the “20-20-20 in 2020” policies. Yet to what extent do the Lisbon Treaty commitments to solidarity underpin these policies? This panel will examine the relevance of solidarity in European climate change commitments and will ask, in the world beyond 2020 and shaped by the Paris Agreement for the governance of the Energy Union, what will solidarity become?
Solidarity and the EU Budget
The EU budget is funded by member states contributions and EU own resources and supports EU policies and national projects across the European Union. With many competing demands, not least in migration, security, innovation and growth, and with the underlying Brexit and Euro area challenges impacting on the next multi-annual financial perspectives, the EU budget goes to the heart of solidarity within the EU and raises difficult questions both with respect to the origin of those resources and how to spend them. This session will review how the principle of solidarity has worked in the EU and its relationship with the nature and scope of EU budget and resources. Both the impact of past instruments of solidarity and current proposals on the creation of a Euro budget and reform of EU budget own resources as well as EU structural funds will be discussed.
Chair: Miguel Maduro, Director of the School of Transnational Governance, EUI
Limits of Solidarity: Narratives and Attitudes towards Migration
Migration in its many forms is and will remain salient in social and political debate in Europe. It is important to know more about the formation and drivers of attitudes to migration and their relation to public debate. This session will draw from state of the art evidence and practical experience to assess not only the structure of attitudes but also to think through the implications of these attitudes for public debates about migration. By thinking about both the aggregate, country-level and the individual level, the session will facilitate greater awareness not only of how attitudes are shaped but also key elements of variation within and between EU member states. The session will also consider how better understanding of attitudes can translate into more effective messaging on migration.
Chair: Andrew Geddes, Director of the Migration Policy Centre, EUI
European Union Foreign, Security, and Defence Policies: Solidarity or Separation?
Today the EU faces the most complicated and uncertain security environment it has seen in decades: a newly assertive Russia looms to the east, an arc of instability extends across the EU’s periphery from North Africa to the Middle East, and the United States seems to be retreating from its global leadership role, including in the defence of Europe. This session reviews how the EU has responded to this complex set of challenges, both at the national and the regional level. It examines to what extent the principle of solidarity has influenced EU foreign and security policy, and whether the current security environment has led to more solidarity or produced greater division among EU member states. The session also evaluates the prospects for building more effective foreign policy and defence instruments and capabilities, especially in the wake of the recent French and German national elections.
Chair: Ulrich Krotz, Professor of International Relations, EUI
Climate Change and Energy Transition: is our ‘Energy Union’ Challenged by New Needs of Burden-sharing Solidarity?
The EU is committed to achieving significant decarbonisation of its economy by 2050. Hard choices need to be made about how much individual Member States and sectors should be required to contribute to the attainment of this. These issues come to the fore both in relation to the EU’s pioneering emissions trading scheme and in respect of its effort-sharing decision. This panel will examine the nature of the EU’s mitigation ambitions and the ways in which the ‘burden’ (or opportunities) are and should be distributed between Member States and sectors.
Strengthening the Resilience of the EMU - Should the European Stability Mechanism become a European Monetary Fund?
In the aftermath of the euro crisis there has been a call for strengthening the EMU capacity to share risks, prevent and resolve crises, for example by setting up a European Monetary Fund, following the International Monetary Fund design. However, in the Euro Area monetary policy is the responsibility of the European Central Bank and the European Stability Mechanism has been designed as a ‘crisis resolution mechanism’. The question is then whether, and how, the ESM mandate should be enlarged and if there is a need to have a fiscal authority (or Treasury) to complete the fiscal and monetary EMU structure.
Inclusion and Diversity in European Cities of Migration
Public debate has largely focused on country-level policy responses to immigration, but there is another key dimension. These issues play out most intensely at the local and community level to which migrants move, settle and where they must build their lives alongside the other inhabitants of towns and cities across Europe. The challenges are many and the consequences of success or failure are hugely important for the future of Europe. By looking at approaches from some of Europe’s great cities we can learn more about a series of important questions, including: how cities have responded to the challenges and opportunities of migration; how approaches have accommodated the interest and needs of host communities as well as ‘older’ and ‘newer’ migrant groups; how migration can fuel social and economic regeneration; and how concern about security can be balanced with creating cities that are inclusive spaces for all those who reside in them.
ATTENDANCE TO THE CONFERENCE IS BY INVITATION ONLY
The event will be live streamed